Phytomyza rapunculi Hendel, 1927

Diptera, Agromyzidae

mine

Very long, rather deep corridor, initially lower-surface, later upper-surface. In smaller leaves almost always a secondary blotch originates, that can occupy the entire leaf. Frass initially in pearl strings, later in scattered aggregations. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit in upper epidermis.

hostplants

Campanulaceae, oligophagous

Campanula alpina, cochleariifolia, glomerata, persicifolia, rapunculoides, rotundifolia, scheuchzeri, trachelium; Phyteuma orbiculare, spicatum.

phenology

Larvae in August – September (Beiger, 1972a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to the Alps, and from Britain to Polnd (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Yellowish. Mandibles wit 2 teeth, alternating. Both front and rear spiraculum two-horned, with 12-19 and 18-24 papillae, respectively (Beiger, 1972a; Spencer, 1971a).

puparium

Black, smooth, without intersegmental depressions.

synonyms

Phytomyza campanulivora Spencer, 1971; Ph. tatrica Beiger, 1972.

references

Andersen & Jonassen (1994a), Beiger (1960a, 1972a, 1978a, 1979a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Hering (1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), Spencer (1971b, 1976a), Starý (1930a), Starke (1942a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

27/01/2017

mod 28.vi.2017