Phytomyza rapunculi Hendel, 1927
Very long, rather deep corridor, initially lower-surface, later upper-surface. In smaller leaves almost always a secondary blotch originates, that can occupy the entire leaf. Frass initially in pearl strings, later in scattered aggregations. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit in upper epidermis.
Larvae in August – September (Beiger, 1972a).
Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
From Sweden to the Alps, and from Britain to Polnd (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
Yellowish. Mandibles wit 2 teeth, alternating. Both front and rear spiraculum two-horned, with 12-19 and 18-24 papillae, respectively (Beiger, 1972a; Spencer, 1971a).
Black, smooth, without intersegmental depressions.
Phytomyza campanulivora Spencer, 1971; Ph. tatrica Beiger, 1972.
Andersen & Jonassen (1994a), Beiger (1960a, 1972a, 1978a, 1979a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Hering (1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), Spencer (1971b, 1976a), Starý (1930a), Starke (1942a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).