Phytomyza rostrata Hering, 1934

Phytomyza rostrata: vacated mine on Euphrasia

Euphrasia sp., België, prov. Namen, Couvin, Ry de Pernelle; © Stéphane Claerebout

mine

Short and narrwo corridor in the leaves, bracts or even calyce, ending upon a thick vein. From there the larva descends as a borer. Infested plants largely die off. Pupation and hibernation within the mine.

hostplants

Orobanchaceae, oligophagous

Euphrasia “officinalis”; Melampyrum nemorosum, pratense; Odontites verna, vulgaris; Rhinanthus alectorolophus, angustifolius.

phenology

Two generations.

BENELUX

BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

NE Found on Melampyrum at several localities in the province of Gelderland (Moraal & Dirkse (1992a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden and Finland to the Pyrenees and the Alps, and from the UK to Belarus (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

puparium

Described by de Meijere (1946a, 1950a).

synonyms

Phytomyza sagitta Hendel, 1935; Ph. wuestnei Rydén, 1958; Ph. oblita Spender, 1969.

references

Beuk (1999a), Bland (1992b, 1999a), Černý, Barták & Roháček (2004a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Hering (1934d, 1944a, 1960a), Huber (1969a), de Meijere (1946a, 1950a), Moraal & Dirkse (1992a), Pakalniškis (1982b, 1990a, 1998a), Spencer (1971a, 1976a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Zoerner (1975a).

mod 10.vii.2018