Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza salviae

Phytomyza salviae (Hering, 1924)


Upper-surface corridor. The first and last part are rather straight, but the middle section is so densely wound that a secondary blotch results, with clear primary and secondary feeding lines. Frass in pearl strings. Pupation external.


Lamiaceae, oligophagous

Ballota nigra; Salvia nemorosa, pratensis, verticillata.

The association with Ballota has only been seen in Russia. In western Europe Salvia verticillata is the main hostplant.


Larvae in May and July – August (Hering, 1957a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Germany, Poland, Switzerland, Czechia, Slovenia, Bulgari.


Mandibles with two teeth, weakly alternating. No frontal appendage. Anterior spiraculum with c. 20 papillae, rear spiraculum with c. 15 papillae arranged in an open circle (de Meijere, 1926a).

Phytomyza salviae: spiracula

frond and hind spiraculum (from de Meijere, 1926a).


Napomyza salviae; Phytomyza ballotae Hering 1930. Refer to Ph. rydeni for the synonymy with that species proposed by von Tschirnhaus.


Beiger (1960a, 1965a, 1979a), Buhr (1941b), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý & Vála (1996a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1924a, 1930b, 1957a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1926a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

Last modified 23.iii.2018