Phytomyza salviae (Hering, 1924)

mine

Upper-surface corridor. The first and last part are rather straight, but the middle section is so densely wound that a secondary blotch results, with clear primary and secondary feeding lines. Frass in pearl strings. Pupation external.

hostplants

Lamiaceae, oligophagous

Ballota nigra; Salvia nemorosa, pratensis, verticillata.

The association with Ballota has only been seen in Russia. In western Europe Salvia verticillata is the main hostplant.

phenology

Larvae in May and July – August (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Germany, Poland, Switzerland, Czechia, Slovenia, Bulgari.

larva

Mandibles with two teeth, weakly alternating. No frontal appendage. Anterior spiraculum with c. 20 papillae, rear spiraculum with c. 15 papillae arranged in an open circle (de Meijere, 1926a).

Phytomyza salviae: spiracula

frond and hind spiraculum (from de Meijere, 1926a).

synonyms

Napomyza salviae; Phytomyza ballotae Hering 1930. Refer to Ph. rydeni for the synonymy with that species proposed by von Tschirnhaus.

references

Beiger (1960a, 1965a, 1979a), Buhr (1941b), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý & Vála (1996a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1924a, 1930b, 1957a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1926a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

mod 23.iii.2018