Phytomyza scotina Hendel, 1920

mine

A winding corridor, upper- or lower surface, that regularly crosses itself, though without forming a secondary blotch. Secondary feeding lines absent. The mine is quite variable, sometimes a compact knot, sometimes a loose corridor along the leaf margin. Frass in discrete grains or pearl chains.

hostplants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Salvia glutinosa, nemorosa, officinalis, pratensis, splendens, verticillata.

phenology

Larvae in May – June (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Central Europe; also Romania, Albania and Spain (Fauna Europaea, 2008). In 2017 found in the UK (Warrington, 2017a).

larva

Described by de Meijere (1926a); rear spiraculum with 15 papillae.

notes

Quite a common species in central Europe (Hering, 1957a).

references

Beiger (1960a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Drăghia (1967a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Hering (1921b, 1924b, 1936b, 1957a, 1962a), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1926a), Pakalniškis (1994a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), Starý (1930a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Ureche (2010a), Warrington (2017a).

mod 10.iii.2018