Phytomyza spinaciae Hendel, 1935

Phytomyza spinaciae mine

Cirsium arvense, Nieuwendam

Phytomyza spinaciae eggPhytomyza spinaciae mine

puparium in the mine; transverse section through the inter- parenchymatous mine

Phytomyza spinaciae: mines on Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense, Flevoland, Reve-Abbertbos © Hans Jonkman

Phytomyza spinaciae: mines on Cirsium arvense

unusually heave occupation

Phytomyza spinaciae on Cirsium oleraceum

Cirsium oleraceum: unusual, upper-surface mine; Germany, Lower Saxony, Bennin; © Kees Boele

mine

Unusually long, interparenchymatous, therefore yellowish corridor that remains of equal width throughout its length. (In some plants with thin leaves, like Cirsium oleraceum the mines are not interparechymatous but either full-depth or alternating upper- and lower-surface).The mine makes few curves, and hardly any u-turn, causing the mine to usually occupy the entire length of a leaf. Frass in two rows of grains along the sides. Pupation within the mine, in a lower-surface pupal chamber; the front spiracula penetrate the epidermis.

hostplants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Carduus acanthoides, crispus, nutans; Centaurea benedicta; Cirsium acaulon, arvense, dissectum, helenioides, oleraceum, palustre, tuberosum, vulgare; Cyanus segetum; Onopordum acanthium; Serratula.

Main hostplant is the common ruderal Cirsium arvense.

phenology

First generation in mid May, followed by a number of overlapping generations, untill in September (Griffiths, 1959a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Scheirs ao, 1994a; Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1996a).

NE recorded (van der Wulp, 1871a, as affinis).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Dudelange, Hobscheid, Flaxweiler).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia and Finland to the Iberian Peninsula, and from Britain to Lithuania and Czechia (Fauna Europaea, 2008); ook Italy (Süss, 2003a).

larva

puparium

synonyms

Phytomyza affinis: auct.

notes

In most years a quite common species.

references

Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a), Beuk (1999a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2011a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Griffiths (1959a, 1962a), Hering (1925a, 1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), Masetti, Lanzoni, Burgio & Süss (2004a), de Meijere (1924a, 1926a, 1934a, 1938a, 1939a), Michalska (2003a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1986a, 1990a, 1994a, 1998a), Robbins (1991a), Scheirs ao (1994a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1995a, 1996a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Süss (2003a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Utech (1962a), Vála & Rohacek (1983a), Ureche (2010a), van der Wulp (1871a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

mod 23.x.2017