Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza spinaciae

Phytomyza spinaciae Hendel, 1935

on Cirsium, etc.

Phytomyza spinaciae: mine on Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense, England, Norfolk, Mileham, © Rob Edmunds

Phytomyza spinaciae: puparia on Cirsium arvense

undersides of leaves, with puparia

Phytomyza spinaciae: puparium on Cirsium arvense


Phytomyza spinaciae: puparium

puparium, ventaal

Phytomyza spinaciae: puparium


Phytomyza spinaciae mine

Cirsium arvense,

Phytomyza spinaciae eggPhytomyza spinaciae mine

puparium in the mine; transverse section through the inter- parenchymatous mine

Phytomyza spinaciae: mines on Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense, Flevoland, Reve-Abbertbos, 4.x.2015 © Hans Jonkman

Phytomyza spinaciae: mines on Cirsium arvense

unusually heavy occupation

Phytomyza spinaciae on Cirsium oleraceum

Cirsium oleraceum, Germany, Lower Saxony, Bennin, 13.viii.2010 © Kees Boele


Unusually long, interparenchymatous, therefore yellowish corridor that remains of equal width throughout its length. (In some plants with thin leaves, like Cirsium oleraceum the mines are not interparechymatous but either full-depth or alternating upper- and lower-surface).The mine makes few curves, and hardly any u-turn, causing the mine to usually occupy the entire length of a leaf. Frass in two rows of grains along the sides. Pupation within the mine, in a lower-surface pupal chamber; the front spiracula penetrate the epidermis.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Carduus acanthoides, crispus, nutans; Centaurea benedicta; Cirsium acaulon, arvense, dissectum, helenioides, oleraceum, palustre, tuberosum, vulgare; Cyanus segetum; Onopordum acanthium; Serratula.

Main hostplant is the common ruderal Cirsium arvense.


First generation in mid May, followed by a number of overlapping generations, untill in September (Griffiths, 1959a).


BE recorded (Scheirs ao, 1994a; Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1996a).

NE recorded (van der Wulp, 1871a, as affinis).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Dudelange, Hobscheid, Flaxweiler).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia and Finland to the Iberian Peninsula, and from Britain to Lithuania and Czechia (Fauna Europaea, 2008); ook Italy (Süss, 2003a).




Phytomyza affinis: auct.


In most years a quite common species.


Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a), Beuk (1999a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2011a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Griffiths (1959a, 1962a), Guglya (2021a), Hering (1925a, 1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), Masetti, Lanzoni, Burgio & Süss (2004a), de Meijere (1924a, 1926a, 1934a, 1938a, 1939a), Michalska (2003a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1986a, 1990a, 1994a, 1998a), Robbins (1991a), Scheirs ao (1994a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1995a, 1996a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Süss (2003a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Utech (1962a), Vála & Rohacek (1983a), Ureche (2010a), van Wielink (2020a), van der Wulp (1871a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

Last modified 8.x.2021