Phytomyza tussilaginis Hendel, 1925

Phytomyza tussilaginis: mines on Tussilago farfara

Tussilago farfara, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Malempré; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Phytomyza tussilaginis mine

Petasites hybridus, Nieuwendam

same mine, frass pattern

mine

Upper-surface, quite long corridor with irregular sides, in the end about 4 mm wide. Frass, in discrete grains, alternating along the sides. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit in upper epidermis.

hostplants

Asterceae, narrowly oligophgous

Petasites albus, frigidus, hybridus, paradoxus; Tussilago farfara.

Hering (1957a) also mentions Adenostyles, but Griffiths (1972b) assumes that this is in error. However, both Huber (1969a) and Maček (1999a) again mention Adenostyles alliariae and glabra as hostplants.

phenology

Larvae in June-September (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Mortelmans ao, 2014a).

NE recorded (Ellis, several localities).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Hobscheid).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Ireland to Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

puparium

See Griffiths (1972b).

synonyms

Phytomyza petasiti Spencer, 1969; Ph. kevani Griffiths, 1972.

notes

It is surprising that this conspicuous and not at all rare mine has not been found by de Meijere. Perhaps the species has become more common recently.

references

Beiger (1960a, 1978a, 1979a), Buhr (1964a), Černý & Vála (1996a), Dempewolf (2001a), Griffiths (1972b), Haase (1942a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), Mortelmans, Boeraeve, Tamsyn ao (2014a), Robbins (1991), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Spencer (1954b, 1972a, 1976a), Starý (1930a), Ureche (2010a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

mod 1.xii.2017