Phytomyza virgaureae Hering, 1926

mine

Initially narrow, gradually and weakly widening corridor of about 10-12 cm. The mine is upper-surface, pale green. Feeding lines not conspicuous. Frass in separate grains or short pearl chains. Pupation outside the mine, exit slit in lower epidermis.

hostplants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Bellis perennis; Solidago virgaurea & subsp. minuta.

phenology

Larve in June-July (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Ireland to Poland (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

Dempewolf (2001a) gives a detailed description; see also de Meijere (1937a), Beiger (1960) and Griffiths (1976c). Anterior spiraculum with 11-12 papillae, posterior with c. 14 papillae in an irregular curve.

puparium

See Beiger (1960).

synonyms

Phytomyza umensis Rydén, 1949; Ph. simmi Beiger, 1959.

references

Andersen & Jonassen (1994a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1970a, 1972e, 1978a, 1979a), Bland (1992b, 1994b), Buhr (1941b, 1964a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý & Vála (1996a), Dempewolf (2001a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Griffiths (1976c), Hering (1926b, 1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1937a), Nowakowski (1954a), Rydén (1951b, 1956a), Sasakawa (2005a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1972a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starke (1942a), Süss (1982a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

mod 10.vii.2018