Phytomyza vitalbae Kaltenbach, 1872

Phytomyza vitalbae mine

Clematis vitalba, Amstelveen

Phytomyza vitalbae mine

lower surface

Phytomyza vitalbae: mine on Clematis vitalba

Clematis vitalba, Belgium, prov. Namur, Phillippeville, Romedenne © Stéphane Claerebout. Puzzling mine: it clearly started at left, and ended above the midrib, where the exit slit is well visible; but how does the gallery at right fit into that picture??

mine

Oviposition in the leaf lower surface. After a short initial corridor of a few mm lengt the larva makes an upper-surface gallery that mostly begins with a dense knot in the leaf tip. Frass in ling pearl chains along the sides. In fresh material primary feeding lines are apparent. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit in the lower epidermis. The mine often causes the leaf to be malformed and wrinkled. Feeding punctures in the lower surface.

hostplants

Ranunculaceae, monophagous

Clematis alpina, flammula, heracleifolia, recta, vitalba.

phenology

Mines from early May.

BENELUX

BE rcorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach, Dudelange, Ahn).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe, except the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

puparium

notes

Hering (1957a) attaches much importance to the fact that the start of the mine is upper-surface. (He probably disregarded the first few mm just after oviposition.) However, several times I have found populations in which the first few cm actually were on the lower surface. In combination with the frass pattern these mines had a strong resemblance with those of Liriomyza bryoniae.

The species has been introduced in New Zealand in an attempt to control the, equally introduced, Traveller’s Joy.

references

Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1979a), Beuk (2002a), Bland (2001a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b), Černý (2007a, 2011a), Černý & Merz (2005a, 2006a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a, 2006a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a, 19171a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Griffiths (1956b), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1924a, 1932g, 1936b, 1955b, 1957a, 1967a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), de Meijere (1924a, 1926a, 1939a), Mihajlović, Spasić, Petanović & Mihajlović (1998a), Nowakowski (1954a), Pârvu (2005a), Paynter ao (2006a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), Robbins (1991a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1972a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Süss & Moreschi (2003a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Ureche (2010a).

mod 17.iii.2018