Pseudonapomyza atra (Meigen, 1830)

mine

Transparant, short and narrow mine not far from the leaf tip. Frass in two rows of grains. Pupation outside the mine.

hostplants

Poaceae, widely oligophagous

Agrostis; Apera spica-venti; Arrhenatherum elatius; Avena sativa; Dactylis glomera; Elytrigia repens; Holcus; Hordeum vulgare; Lolium perenne; Phalaris; Poa; Schedonorus giganteus; Secale cereale; Trisetum; Triticum aestivum; Zea mays.

phenology

Larvae in May and July (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

All of Europe, except Ireland and the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

puparium

Also in the shining reddish-brown puparium the spines are well visible (de Meijere, 1925a, 1928a, 1943a)..

synonyms

Phytomyza atra; Ph. morio Zetterstedt, 1848; Ph. acuticornis Loew, 1858; Ph. nitidula Malloch, 1913; Napomyza hindustanica Garg, 1971; Pseudonapomyza stanionyteae Pakalniškis, 1992.

notes

In Belgium the related Pseudonapomyza europaea has been found (Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1995a). This species has been described by Spencer (1973b) from southeastern Europe. Larva and host plant are unknown.

references

Andersen (2012a), Andersen & Jonassen (1994a), Beiger (1958a, 1989a), Benavent, Martínez, Moreno & Jiménez (2004a), Beuk (2002a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Černý (1998a, 2001a,b, 2007a, 2004a,b, 2011a), Černý, Barták & Roháček (2004a), Černý & Merz (2005a, 2006a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a, 2006a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Darvas & Papp (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Hering (1943a, 1954a, 1955b, 1957a), Kabos (1971), de Meijere (1924a, 1925a, 1928a, 1939a, 1941a, 1943a), Pakalniškis (1986a, 1990a, 1998a), Papp & Černý (2018a), Robbins (1991a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1995a), Spencer (1972a,b, 1976a), Starý (1930a), Süss (1982a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Venturi (1939a), Withers (2007a).

mod 17.iii.2018