Pseudonapomyza spinosa Spencer, 1973

mine

Blotch, usually in the leaf tip. Because often several larvae live together, the blotch can be quite extensive. Pupation external.

host plants

Poaceae, oligophagous

Brachiaria; Eleusine indica; Hordeum vulgare; Triticum aestivum.

distribution within Europe

Spain, Greece, Thrace (Černý & Merz, 2006a; Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

Mandibles alternating, with two teeth. Anterior spiraculum with 5, posterior spiraculum with 3-5 papillae.

puparium

Brownish, with many high papillae, looking like erect spines.

references

Benavent, Martínez, Moreno & Jiménez (2004a), Černý (2004b, 2013a), Černý, Andrade, Gonçalves & von Tschirnhaus (2018a), Černý & Merz (2006a), Černý & Vála (2006a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Spencer (1974a).

mod 15.xii.2018