Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Botanophila fugax

Botanophila fugax (Meigen, 1926)


Elongated-oval eggs are deposited at either side of the leaf. They have irregularly keeled ribs running from one pole to the other (Miles, 1952a, 1953a). The larva primarily lives as a borer in stem and petioles, but is capable of making corridor-like excursions in the lamina. Possibly mines can be distinguished from those of Delia platura by harbouring just one larva, unlike the communal mines of Delia (Hering, 1957a; Robbins, 1991a).

host plants

Leuchtmann & Michelsen call this species “unspecialised phytophagous”, Miles writes of decaying plant material. In that light it is doubtful whether the descriptions above in fact apply to this species. In the literature plant species are mentioned like Brassica; Dianthus caryophyllus, D. chinensis; Heracleum sphondylium; Spinacia oleracea, but their interpretation is unclear.


BE recorded (Gosseries & Ackland, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1939a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

Probably all of Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

egg, larva, and puparium

Described by Miles (1952a) and Dušek (1969a).


Chortophila, Hylemyia, Pegohylemyia, Phorbia fugax.


(Gosseries & Ackland (1991a), Dušek (1969a), Hering (1957a), Leuchtmann & Michelsen (2015a), de Meijere (1939a), Miles (1952a, 1953a), Robbins (1991a), Séguy (1950a), Teschner (1999a).

Last modified 9.xii.2020