Botanophila gnava (Meigen, 1826)
cephalic skeleton of 3rd instar larva (from Dušek)
A single egg is deposited in a flower head; the larva feeds on the developing achenes. Univoltine, pupation and hibernation in the soil.
Lactuca sativa, serriola, virosa.
distribution within Europe
egg, larva, puparium
all stages are described and illustrated by Dušek.
Chortophila, Phorbia, gnava.
Dušek (1970a), Langenbuch (1940a).