Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pegomya hyoscyami

Pegomya hyoscyami (Panzer, 1809)

spinach leafminer

Pegomya hyoscyami mines

Beta vulgaris, Britain, Fleet; © Rob Edmunds

Pegomya hyoscyami mines


Pegomya hyoscyami: mine on Atropa belladonna

Atropa belladonna, België, prov. Luxemburg, Bomal-sur-Ourthe © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Pegomya hyoscyami: mine on Atropa belladonna

same mine, lighted from behind; in this mine, still young, the larvae still demostrate their social behaviour; in older mines the disperse independently

Pegomya hyoscyami mines

Atropa belladonna, Duitsland (Baden-Württemberg), Baden-Weiler


Blotch, mostly occupying almost the entire leaf, containing several larvae. Much, half-deliquescent, greenish-black frass. At the start of the mine at the leaf underside a group of some 5 elliptic egg shells, parallel to each other. However, the larvae can leave their mine and restart elsewhere, so mines without egg shells can occur as well. The larvae do not penetrate into the stem of the plant, neither is the mine full depth (compare Delia species).

host plants

Amaranthaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Solanaceae: narrowly polyphagous

Amaranthus retroflexus; Atriplex calotheca, glabriuscula, patula, sagittata; Atropa bella-donna; Bassia; Beta trigyna, vulgaris & subsp. maritima; Chenopodiastrum hybridum, murale; Chenopodium, album, bonus-henricus, foliosum, glaucum, opulifolium, quinoa, rubrum, urbicum, vulvaria; Datura metel, quercifolia, stramonium, tatulaf; Dysphania ambrosioides; Hablitzia tamnoides; Hyoscyamus albus, niger; Lipandra polysperma; Lycium afrum, barbarum; Monolepis trifida; Scopolia carniolica; Silene uniflora, vulgaris; Solanum dulcamara, nigrum; Spinacia oleracea.


Larvae from May to October, in 2 generations (Hering, 1957a).


BE occurrence uncertain (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1939a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Probably entire Europe, but reliable records are insufficiently numerous.




Pegomya chenopodii (Rondani, 1866), P. silenes Hering, 1924.

parasitoids, predators

Cyrtogaster clavicornis.


The systematics of the Pegomya species living on Amaranthaceae and Solanaceae has long been utterly confused. The situation is largely clarified by Michelsen’s (1980a) revision, but references before that date should be considered unreliable.


d’Aguilar & Missonier (1957a, 1962a), Ahr (1966a), Amsel & Hering (1931a, 1933a), Beiger (1970a, 1979a), Beuk, Prijs & de Jong (2002a), Bland (1992b, 1994), Buhr (1930a, 1933a, 1941b, 1964a). Darvas, Skuhravá & Andersen (2000a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a, 1970a, 1971a, 1972a, 1974a), Dušek (1970a), Eiseman (2018a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Hering (1920a, 1924a, 1932g, 1936b, 1957a, 1960a, 1967a), Huber (1969a). Huckett (1971a), Kabos (1975a), de Meijere (1939a), Maček (1999a), Michelsen (1980a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pospíšil (1962a), Robbins (1991a), Séguy (1950a), Skala (1936a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Skuhravy ao (1967a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Suwa (1970a, 1974a), Teschner (1999a), Ureche (2010a), Utech (1962a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

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