Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Hapleginella laevifrons

Hapleginella laevifrons (Loew, 1858)

on conifers


Larvae in cones that are damaged by Lepidoptera larvae. They feed on the frass and/or decaying plant material, therefore cannot really be considered parasites.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Abies; Larix; Picea; Pinus.

distribution within Europe

PESI (2021).


Hapleginella laevifrons is not mentioned in PESI. The relation with Hapleginella laevicollis (Zetterstedt, 1858) that is mentioned is not clear.


Ismay (0000a), Nartshuk (2010a), Nartshuk & Andersson (2012a).

Last modified 8.viii.2021