Lipara similis Schiner, 1854
Phragmites australis, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Mol, Leeuwerikheide. 3.x.2019 © Carina Van Steenwinkel
opened gall with larva; at right the dead growing tip
hre thee larva is positioned higher in de dead top leaves
Weert, Wijffelterbroek, 19.ix.2019 © Carina Van Steenwinkel: larva
In fact not a gall: infested shoots can only be distinguished from normal ones by a sprig of dead leaves at the top. The larva lives, above the dead growing point, in a tube formed by the leaf sheaths of the upper two internodes. Pupation internal, univoltine. Both larva and pupa are distinguished from the other Lipara‘s because their front and rear ends are black.
egg, larval stages and puparium are meticulously described by Grochowska (2006a).
Baetens & De Bruyn (1999a), Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1965a), Chvála, Diskočil, Mook & Pokorný (1974a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Grochowska (2006a), Houard (1908a), Ismay (00000a), Nartshuk (2010a, 2011a), Roskam (2009a), Schwarzländer & Häfliger (2000a), Spooner & Bowdrey (2012a).