Cheilosia proxima (Zetterstedt, 1843)

common thistle-cheilosia

on thistles

parasite

The larvae bore spiralled gallery in the roots; according to Rotheray the final instar lives freely among the mass of lateral roots; Pupation in the soil.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Cirsium oleraceum, palustre, spinosissinum.

Müller mentions the species from Centaurea spp. That is unlikely.

phenology

Hibernation as puparium.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

See Rotheray.

references

Müller (1989a), Reemer, Renema, van Steenis ao (2009a), Rotheray (1988b), Speight (2017a) .

mod 19.vi.2019