Acanthiophilus helianthi (Rossi, 1794)

capsule fly

on Asteraceae, Cardueae

gall

One or more larvae feed on the developing achenes causing some malformation of the flower head. Pupation within the flower head; the puparium is shining black.

host plants

Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous

Carlina vulgaris; Carthamus tinctorius; Centaurea jacea, nigra, paniculata; Cirsium vulgare; Onopordum acanthium, illyricum; Silybum marianum; Volutaria lippii.

Preference for Centaurea.

synonyms

Tephritis, Trypeta, Urellia, eluta Meigen, 1826.

notes

a pest in the safflower industry.

references

Baugnée (2006a), Buhr (1964b), Ebejer (2015a), Handlirsch (1882a), Houard (1909a), Merz & Kofler (2008a), Snit (2010a), Spooner & Bowdrey (2012a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Tóth (1969a), White (1988a).

mod 6.i.2019