Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Bactrocera oleae

Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin, 1790)

olive fly

on Olea


Up to 8 mm long, whitish larvae tunnel in the fruits. Pupation in the soil.

host plants

Oleaceae, monophagous

Olea europaea.


Dacus oleae.

parasitoids, predators

Cyrtoptyx latipes; Eupelmus confusus, gemellus, martellii, urozonus.


The main pest in olive cultivation. The tunnels are important for the gall midge Lasioptera berlesiania.


Athanasíou & Zárpas (0000a), Dirlbeck (1974a), Doğanlar 2011a, Ebejer (2015a), Fazel, Fallahzadeh & Gheibi (2011a), Haber & Mifsud (2007a), Iannotta, Belfiore, Noce ao (2012a), Merz (1992a), Neuenschwander & Freidberg (1983a), Smit (2006a).

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