Euphranta connexa (Fabricius, 1794)

on Vincetoxicum

Euphranta connexa: gall on Vincetoxicum hirundinaria

Vincetoxicum hirundinaria, Belgium, prov Namur, Nismes, RN les Abannets: larva; © Stéphane Claerebout

Euphranta connexa: gall on Vincetoxicum hirundinaria, opened

opened gall

Euphranta connexa larva

larva

Euphranta connexa: puparium, dorsal

Vincetoxicum hirundinaria, Belgium, prov. Namur, Vierves, RN Mwène à Vaucelles © Stéphane Claerebout: puparium, dorsal

Euphranta connexa: puparium, ventral

ventral

Euphranta connexa: young larva in seed of Vincetoxicum hirundinaria

Vincetoxicum hirundinaria, Belgium, prov Namur, Parc naturelle de Furfooz © Carina Van Steenwinkel: the young larva lives bored into a seed

Euphranta connexa: larva in pod of Vincetoxicum hirundinaria

the older larva lives free in the pod, feeding on the developing seeds

gall

The fruit is swollen, often crooked and discoloured; inside several larvae. Larva with well developed mouth parts and conspicuous rear spiracula – cleary not a cecidomyiid larva. Pupation in the ground; univoltine.

hostplants

Apocynaceae, monophagous

Vincetoxicum hirundinaria.

synonyms

Ortalis connexa.

references

Baugnée (2006a), Buhr (1964b), Houard (1909a), Janzon (1982a), Lutovinovas (2014a), Merz & Kofler (2008a), Smit (2010a), Solbr, Houard (1909a)eck (2000a), Tomasi (2014a).

mod 13.vii.2018