Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Urophora cardui

Urophora cardui (Linnaeus, 1758)

canada thistle gall fly

on Cirsium

Urophora cardui: gall on Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense, Flevoland, Reve-Abbertbos © Hans Jonkman

Urophora cardui gall

Cirsium arvense, Belgium © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Urophora cardui gall

Cirsium arvense, Wellerlooi

Urophora cardui: gall in midrib

Cirsium arvense, Biddinghuizen, Spijk- en Bremerbergbos © Hans Jonkman; here not the stem is galled, but the midrib of a leaf

Cirsium arvense, Tilburg, de Blaak; larvae sticks with its rear end out if its tunnel in the gall

three larvae (one still without black rear end) and an ectoparasitoid

host plants

Asteraceae, narrowly monophagous

Cirsium arvense, creticum, oleraceum.


Euribia cardui.


Lauthia cardui.


Baugnée (2006a,c), Béguinot (2001c, 2002a), Bellmann (2012a), Blanes-Dalmau, Caballero-López & Pujade-Villar (2017a), Buhr (1964b), Chinery (2011a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Deckert & Deckert (2016a), Dietrich (2016a), Dirlbeck & Dirlbeck (1994a), Flügel (2016a), Ilie & Marinescu (2011a), Houard (1909a), Klasa, Kaczorowska & Soszyński (2011a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b), Lehmann & Flügel (2012a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Lutovinovas (2014a), Marshall (2017a), Niblett (1940a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Smit (2010a), Spooner & Bowdrey (2012a), Stănescu (2009a), Tomasi (2014a), Tóth (1969a), White (1988a), White & Korneyev (1998a).

Last modified 14.x.2020