Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Acanthiophilus helianthi

Acanthiophilus helianthi (Rossi, 1794)

capsule fly

on thistles

gall

One or more larvae feed on the developing achenes causing some malformation of the flower head. Pupation within the flower head; the puparium is shining black.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Amberboa moschata; Atractylis carduus; Carlina vulgaris; Carduus argentatus, nutans, personata; Carthamus boissieri, coeruleus, dentatus, glaucus, lanatus, oxyacantha, tenuis, tinctorius; Centaurea americana, aucheri, behen, benedicta, calcitrapa, cheirolopha, eryngioides, friederici, hyalolepis, iberica, jacea, margaritacea, nemecii, nigra, nigrescens, ornata, pallescens, paniculata, procurrens, scabiosa, solstitialis, stoebe; Cirsium arvense, creticum subsp. gaillardotii, heterophyllum, vulgare; Cosmos bipinnatus; Cyanus montanus, pichleri, segetum; Cynara cardunculus, scolymus; Echinops; Galactites tomentosus; Helianthus annuus; Klasea coriacea, syriaca; Notobasis syriaca; Onopordum acanthium, illyricum; Picnomon acarn; Psephellus leuzeoides; Rhaponticum carthamoides, repens; Scolymus hispanicus; Senecio vulgaris; Serratula tinctoria; Silybum marianum; Volutaria lippii; Xanthium spinosum.

phenology

Hibernation as pupa.

synonyms

Tephritis, Trypeta, Urellia, eluta Meigen, 1826.

notes

a pest in the safflower industry.

references

Baugnée (2006a), Buhr (1964b), Dirlbeck (1974a), Dirlbeck & Dirlbeck (1994a), Ebejer (2015a), Gharajedaghi, Khaghaninia & Mohamadzade Namin (2011a), Handlirsch (1882a), Houard (1909a), Karimpour (2011a), Khaghaninia & Gharajedaghi (2012a), Kütük, Yaran, Torbali, ao (2019a), Mierz (1992a), Merz & Blasco-Zumeta (1995a), Merz & Kofler (2008a), Mohamadzade Namin & Nozari (2011a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Najarpoor (2010a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a), Morgulis, Freidberg & Dorchin (2015a), Neuenschwander & Freidberg (1983a), Smit (2006a, 2010a), Soltanizadeh, Saghaei & Ostovan (2015a), Spooner & Bowdrey (2012a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Tavares (1905a), Tóth (1969a), White (1988a), Zamani & Khaghaninia (2016a), Zandigiacomo & Iob (1991a).

Last modified 17.x.2020