Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Xyphosia miliaria

Xyphosia miliaria (Schrank, 1781)

on Carduus, etc.

gall

the larvae develop in the capitula

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Carduus acanthoides, crispus, defloratus, nutans; Cirsium arvense, eriophorum, erisithalies, oleraceum, palustre, rivulare, vulgare; Onopordum tauricum.

references

Baugnée (2006a), Dirlbeck & Dirlbeck (1994a), Kütük, Yaran, Torbali, ao (2019a), Lutovinovas (2014a), Merz & Kofler (2008a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a), Smit (2010a), White (1988a).

Last modified 14.x.2020