Tephritis conura (Löw, 1844)

on Carduus, Cirsium

gall

larvae (maggots) or puparia gregariously in the swollen but not hardened receptacle. The flower head is but little distorted. Univoltine, hibernation as imago.

hostplants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Carduus defloratus, personata; Cirsium acaulon, erisithales, helenioides, heterophyllum, oleraceum, palustre, rivulare, spinossissimum, vulgare.

references

Baugnée (2006a), Buhr (1964b), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Houard (1909a), Korneev (2016c), Lutovinovas (2014a), Merz & Kofler (2008a), Niblett (1940a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Romstöck-Völkl (1997a), Smit (2010a), Spooner & Bowdrey (2012a), Tomasi (2003a, 2014a), White (1988a).

mod 26.vii.2018