Artemisia vulgaris, Diemen
same mine, detail
Eupatorium cannabinum, Nieuwendam
same mine, detail, showing the initial corridor
Artemisia vulgaris, Belgium, prov. Flemish Brabant, Zichem, Demerbroeken© Carina Van Steenwinkel
detail, with larva in the mine
The mine begin as a long, quite narrow corridor, usually not far from the tip of a leaf segment. Usually this corridor follows the leaf margin for some distance, but it may also run freely through the blade and may then be strongly contorted. In the end the corridor is directed towards the midrib, where an elongated blotch is formed, overlying the midrib and some of the larger lateral veins. Frass in a nearly continuous line in the initial corridor, in scattered lumps in the later part of the mine. Primary and secondary feeding lines very conspicuous when lighted from beind. Pupation outside the mine.
Achillea; Adenostyles alliariae, alpina; Artemisia vulgaris; Aster; Chrysanthemum indicum, maximum; Coleostephus paludosus; Doronicum orientale, pardalianches; Eupatorium cannabinum; Jacobaea alpina, erucifolia; Lactuca; Leucanthemum atratum, maximum, vulgare; Ligularia; Matricaria; Petasites albus, hybridus; Senecio nemorensis & subsp. jacquinianus, squalidus, sylvaticus, vulgaris; Tanacetum parthenium, vulgare; Tussilago farfara.
Bland & Rotheray (1994b) found in Scotland a clump of plants of Ajuga reptans with several mines in some leaves; breeding resulted in several flies. Although this observation stands on its own, it cannot be dismissed as a case of simple monophagy.
Larvae from June to October (Hering, 1957a).
BE recorded (Baugnée, 2009a).
NE recorded (de Meijere, 1939a, van Aartsen & Smit, 2002a); rare (Wakkie, 1994a).
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).
Entire Europe, with possible exception of the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2008).
Forellia zoe; Trypeta zoe artemisicola Hendel.
van Aartsen & Smit (2002a), Ahr (1966a), Baugnée (2006a, 2009a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1970a, 1979a), Bland & Rotheray (1994b), Buhr (1933a, 1964a), Drăghia (1968a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Haase (1942), Hering (1921a, 1924b, 1926b, 1930b, 1937b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos & van Aartsen (1984a), Leclercq & De Bruyn (1991a), Lutovinovas (2014a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1939a), Merz (1999a), Merz & Kofler (2008a), Michalska (1970a, 1976a), Niblett (1956a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), Robbins (1991), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Smit (2010a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Surányi (1942a), Tóth (1969a), Vimmer (1930a), Wakkie (1994a), White (1988a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).