Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Euleia heraclei

Euleia heraclei (Linnaeus, 1758)

celery fly

on Apiaceae

Euleia heraclei: occupied mine on Levisticum officinale

Levisticum officinale, Amsterdam, 28.v.2002

Euleia heraclei on Levisticum officinale

Levisticum officinale, Hungary, Budapest, 28.v.2021 © László Érsek: communal larvae

Euleia heraclei on Levisticum officinale


Euleia heraclei on Levisticum officinale


Euleia heraclei on Levisticum officinale

puparium, dorsal …

Euleia heraclei on Levisticum officinale

… ventral


A large blotch, yellow or brown, preceded by a short corridor that in the end mostly is completely overrun. Generally several larvae share a mine. Especially in fresh mines the green primary and secondary feeding lines are well visible. Pupation outside the mine. Hering warns that the mines cannot be separated from those of the rare Cryptaciura rotundiventris.

host plants

Apiaceae, broadly oligophagous

Aegopodium podagraria; Ammi; Angelica archangelica, sylvestris, ursina; Anthriscus cerefolium, sylvestris; Apium graveolens; Berula erecta; Bupleurum; Cicuta virosa; Conioselinum; Conium maculatum; Coriandrum sativum; Dichoropetalum carvifolia; Falcaria vulgaris; Helosciadium nodiflorum; Heracleum asperum, “giganteum”, mantegazzianum, pubescens, sphondylium & subsp. elegans + sibiricum + transsilvanicum + verticillatum; Laserpitium; Levisticum officinale; Ligusticum mutellina, scoticum; Molopospermum peloponnesiacum; Oenanthe crocata; Pastinaca sativa; Petroselinum crispum; Peucedanum cervaria, ostruthium; Pimpinella major, saxifraga; Pleurospermum austriacum; Seseli libanotis; Sium latifolium, sisarum; Smyrnium olusatrum; Thapsia villosa; Torilis arvensis subsp. neglecta.

Mines have also been found on Eryngium, but there the larvae died prematurely. A reference to Ruta (Hering, 1957a) probably concerns xenophagy. Reatrf by Warrington & Clemons from Aquilegia vulgaris.


Larvae from June to October (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Baugnée, 2009a).
NE recorded (de Meijere, 1939a); common species.
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

Almost entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2007)..




Philophylla heraclei.


van Aartsen & Smit (2002a), Ahr (1966a), Baugnée (2006a, 2009a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1979a), Bland (1992b, 1994b), Buhr (1933a), Dirlbeck (1974a), Ebejer (2015a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Haase (1942a), Hansen, Hattendorf, Wittenberg ao (2006a), Hering (1927a, 1936b, 1937b, 1957a, 1962a, 1964a, 1967a), Homan (2012b), Huber (1969a), Klasa & Palaczyk (2020a), Korneyev & Konovalov (2010a), Kvičala (1938a), Leclercq & De Bruyn (1991a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1895a, 1939a), Merz (1999a), Merz & Kofler (2008a), Michalska (1970a, 1976a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a), Neuenschwander & Freidberg (1983a), Niblett (1956a), Nowakowski (1954a), Pakalniškis (1983a), Pakalniškis ao (200a), Robbins (1991a), Shepard (0000a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Smit (2006a, 2010a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Warrington & Clemons (2023a), White (1988a).

Last modified 8.iv.2024