Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Euleia heraclei larva

Euleia heraclei

Euleia heraclei: anterior spiracula

“head” in dorsal view, with the anterior spiracula.

Euleia heraclei: poserior spiracula

rear spiracula, lateral

Euleia heraclei: mandibles

mandible, lateral


Heracleum sphondylium, Amsterdam, larva cleared in chloralphenol: mandibles and cephalic skeleton, with the anterior process of the upper rear arm which is characteristic for the family. The small “saw” below the mandibles is no part of them, but is a chitinised enforcement of the lateral margin of the opening of the buccal cavity.


Last modified 2.viii.2017