Urophora solstitialis (Linnaeus, 1758)

on Carduus

gall

The swollen and lignified receptacle houses a number of vertical lignified gall chambers, each with a maggot or puparium.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Carduus acanthoides, crispus, defloratus, nutans.

The numerous references in the literature are “misleading” (Kok & Gassmann).

synonyms

Euribia solstitialis.

notes

The monophagy of this species is so absolute that it could be employed in the biological control of introduced Carduus acanthoides in Australia and North America.

references

Baugnée (2006a), Béguinot (2002a), Buhr (1964b), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Houard (1909a), Klasa, Kaczorowska & Soszyński (2011a), Kok & Gassmann (2002a), Niblett (1940a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Sit (2010a), Spooner & Bowdrey (2012a), Tavares (1905a), Tomasi (2014a), White (1988a), White & Korneyev (1998a), Zwoelfer (1971a).

mod 23.viii.2019