Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Urophora solstitialis

Urophora solstitialis (Linnaeus, 1758)

on Carduus


The swollen and lignified receptacle houses a number of vertical lignified gall chambers, each with a maggot or puparium.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Carduus acanthoides, crispus, defloratus, nutans.

The numerous references in the literature are “misleading” (Kok & Gassmann).


Euribia solstitialis.


The monophagy of this species is so absolute that it could be employed in the biological control of introduced Carduus acanthoides in Australia and North America.


Baugnée (2006a), Béguinot (2002a), Buhr (1964b), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Houard (1909a), Klasa, Kaczorowska & Soszyński (2011a), Kok & Gassmann (2002a), Niblett (1940a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Sit (2010a), Spooner & Bowdrey (2012a), Tavares (1905a), Tomasi (2014a), White (1988a), White & Korneyev (1998a), Zwoelfer (1971a).

Last modified 23.viii.2019