Xyphosia miliaria (Schrank, 1781)

on Carduus, Cirsium

gall

the larvae develop in the capitula

hostplants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Carduus acanthoides, crispus, defloratus, nutans; Cirsium arvense, eriophorum, erisithalies, oleraceum, palustre, rivulare, vulgare.

references

Baugnée (2006a), Lutovinovas (2014a), Merz & Kofler (2008a), Smit (2010a), White (1988a).

07/09/2016

mod 22.xi.2017