Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Asphondylia echii

Asphondylia echii (Loew, 1850)

on Echium

Asphondylia echii: galls on Echium vulgare

Echium vulgare, Poland, Odrynki © Sébastien Carbonnelle

Asphondylia echii:  opened gall with pupa

opened gall with pupa; the inner wall of the gall is blackened by a lining of dead (?) mycelium


Larvae in the closed and malformed flower buds. Also axillay buds may turn into ovoid galls. The inner wall of the gall chamber lined with mycelium. Larva solitary, yellow-orange; pupation in the gall. Bivoltine.


Boraginaceae, monophagous

Echium arenarium, vulgare.


Asphondylia echii: spatula

spatula with papillae (from Möhn, 1955a)


Isochnonyx echii.


Buhr (1964b), Dauphin & Aniorsbehere (1997a), Houard (1909a), Möhn (1955a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2000a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994b, 1997a, 1999a,b, 2004b, 2009a, 2010a, 2021a: 27), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Tomasi (2014a).

Last modified 18.ix.2021