Asphondylia menthae Kieffer, 1902

on Mentha

Asphondylia menthae: gall on Mentha spec.

Mentha spec., Poland, Warsaw, © Sébastien Carbonnelle: galled calyces

Asphondylia menthae: gall on Mentha spec.

opened gall

Asphondylia menthae: pupa

pupa

gall

The flower buds are malformed and remain closed. Inner wall lined with mycelium. Larva solitary, ochreous yellow – orange, pupates withi the gall.

hostplants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Mentha aquatica, arvensis, x gentilis, longifolia, pulegium, x rotundifolia, spicata, suaveolens, x verticillata.

synonyms

Gisonobasis, Asphondylia, ignorata Rübsaamen, 1916.

pupA

Asphondylia menthae: head of pupa

The head of the pupa of Gisonobasis ignorata, from Rübsaamen (1916b). Rübsaamen based this species partly on the strong reduction of the frontal horns. If indeed the synonymy with menthae is correct, the photo of the pupa above seems to contradict this.

references

Buhr (1964b), Ceresa (2015a), Cogolludo (1921a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné (2010a), Gagné & Jaschhof (2014a), Houard (1909a), Rübsaamen (1916b), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2000a), Sánchez, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2012a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a, 1999a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Massa (2007a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Stănescu (2009a), Tomasi (2014a).

mod 15.vii.2018