Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Asphondylia menthae

Asphondylia menthae Kieffer, 1902

on Mentha

Asphondylia menthae on Mentha spec.: gall

Mentha spec., Germany, Saarland, Bexbach, 27.viii.2021 © Volker Fäßler: galled flowers

Asphondylia menthae on Mentha spec.: larva

opened gall with larva

Asphondylia menthae on Mentha spec.: pupa

opened gall with pupa

Asphondylia menthae on Mentha spec.: pupa

pupa

Asphondylia menthae on Mentha spec.

12.ix.2021: exuvium

Asphondylia menthae on Mentha spec.

fresh imago

Asphondylia menthae: gall on Mentha spec.

Mentha spec., Poland, Warshaw, 17.viii.2017 © Sébastien Carbonnelle: galled calyces

Asphondylia menthae: gall on Mentha spec.

opened gall

Asphondylia menthae: pupa

pupa

gall

The flower buds are malformed and remain closed. Inner wall lined with mycelium. Larva solitary, ochreous yellow – orange, pupates within the gall.

host plants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Mentha aquatica, arvensis, x gentilis, longifolia, pulegium, x rotundifolia, spicata, suaveolens, x verticillata.

synonyms

Gisonobasis, Asphondylia, ignorata Rübsaamen, 1916.

pupA

Asphondylia menthae: head of pupa

The head of the pupa of Gisonobasis ignorata, from Rübsaamen (1916b). Rübsaamen based this species partly on the strong reduction of the frontal horns. If indeed the synonymy with menthae is correct, the photo of the pupa above seems to contradict this.

references

Buhr (1964b), Cerasa (2015a), Cogolludo (1921a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné (2010a), Gagné & Jaschhof (2014a), Houard (1909a), Rübsaamen (1916b), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2000a), Sánchez, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2012a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a, 1999a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Massa (2007a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Stănescu (2009a), Tomasi (2014a).

Last modified 12.ix.2021