Asphondylia sarothamni (Loew, 1850)

on Cytisus

Asphondylia sarothamni: spring generation gall on Cytisus scoparius

Cytisus scoparius, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Arlon, Camp militaire de Lagland; leg Sébastien Carbonnelle © Stéphane Claerebout: gall of the spring generation

Asphondylia sarothamni: spring generation gall on Cytisus scoparius

the gall may also be hairy

Asphondylia sarothamni: spring generation gall on Cytisus scoparius

two parasitoid pupae

Asphondylia sarothamni gall, summer generation

Cytisus scoparius, Belgium, prov. Brabant Wallon, Rixensart © Jean-Yves Baugnée: young gall of the summer generation

>Asphondylia sarothamni: gall on Cytisus scoparius

Cytisus scoparius, Belgium, prov. Namur, Couvin, Ry de Pernelle: normal and galled pod; © Stéphane Claerebout

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Cytisus scoparius, Vorden: gall, opened

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pupa in the gall

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the inside of the call is lined with fungal material

Asphondylia sarothamni

Amstelveen, JP Thijssepark: when the pods ripen and turn black, the galls remain green, like in the “green islands” well known from mines

gall

Two generations per year. The spring generation makes a pear shaped, pointed bud gall. The larvae of the summer generation live in the pods. The larvae are solitary (Sébastien Carbonnelle, in litt.). In both generations the inside of the gall is lined with a white mycelium, which is the actual larval food.

host plants

Fabaceae, monophagous

Cytisus baeticus, grandiflorus, multiflorus, praecox, scoparius, spinescens.

Mentioned by Dauphin & Aniotsbehere from Calicotome; this is not believable.

larva

Asphondylia sarothamni: spatula

spatula with papillae (from Möhn, 1955a)

synonyms

Asphondylia mayeri Liebel, 1889.

inquilines

Trotteria obtusa

references

Béguinot (2001c, 2006a,c, 2007b), Bruun (2015a), Buhr (1965a), Cerasa (2015a), Chinery (2011a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Harris (2002a), Houard (1909a), Kieffer (1890a, 1891a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b), Möhn (1955a), Parnell (1964a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Sánchez (2016a), Schneider (2016a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a, 1997b, 1999a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Tavares (1905a), Waloff (1968a).

mod 23.viii.2019