Asphondylia scrophulariae Schiner, 1856

on Scrophularia

gall

De flower buds are enlarged and disfigured, transformed into a brown mass. Inside a fungus-lined cavity with a number or orange larva that are unable to jump. Bivoltine, pupation in the gall.

host plants

Scrophulariaceae, monophagous

Scrophularia canina, decipiens, grossheimii, nodosa, umbrosa.

synonyms

Asphondylia scrophularina Tavares, 1919.

references

Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1965a), Cogolludo (1921a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné & Jaschhof (2014a), Houard (1909a), Mirumian (2011a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Sánchez (2016a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Skuhravá (1989a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a, 1997b, 1999a, 2008a, 2009b, 2011a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Buhr (2013a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Kettani (2017a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a).

mod 4.iii.2019