Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Harmandiola globuli

Harmandiola globuli (Rübsaamen, 1889)

on Populus

Harmandiola globuli: galls on Populus tremula

Populus tremula, Hungary, Halászi © László Érsek

Harmandiola globuli: gall on Populus tremula

a single gall

Harmandiola globuli: opened gall and larva

opened gall with larva; the picture also shows the remnants of the epidermis that was ruptured by the developing gall

Harmandiola globuli: opened gall

Populus tremula, Hungary, Halászi, 26.v.2018 © László Érsek: opened gall

Harmandiola globuli: larva

larva, dorsal

Harmandiola globuli: larva

larva, ventral

Harmanidiola globuli: galls on Populus tremula

Populus tremula, Zeewolde, Harderbos, © Hans Jonkman

Harmandiola globuli galls

Populus tremula, Reusel,

the slit-like opening at the underside


Larva orange, solitary, in a hard, thin-walled, completely epiphyllous gall. A single generation, hibernation in the soil.


Salicaceae, monophagous

Populus alba, canescens, tremula.


Harmandiola globuli spatula

spatula with papillae (from Möhn, 1955a)


Harmandia globuli.


Barnes (1951a), Béguinot (2001c, 2002h, 2007b, 2012a), Buhr (1965a), Cilbircioğlu & Ünal (2009a), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné (2010a), Hellrigl (2004b, 2006a), Houard (1909a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon & Romain (2009a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b), Lehmann & Flügel (2012a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Möhn (1955a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Simova-Tošić & Skuhravá (2001a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skrzypczyńska (2007a), Skuhravá (2006a), Skuhravá, Bayram, Çam ao (2005a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1988a, 1994a, 1997a, 1999a,b, 2003a, 2005b,c, 2007a, 2009a, 2010a, 2012a, 2021a: 196), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Carbonnelle (2017a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Skuhravý, Skuhravá & Brewer (1997a), Sylvén (1960a), Tomasi (2003a, 2014a), Unal & Akkuzu (2009a).

Last modified 30.ix.2021