Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Harmandiola pustulans

Harmandiola pustulans (Kieffer, 1909)

on Populus


Globular, unilocular, thin-walled gall, c. 3 mm across, usually several, at the upperside of the leaf and adjacent to a thick vein. At the opposite side of the leaf the gall protrudes with a distinct nozzle, terminating in an opening. Larva solitary, yellow when young, red when mature. Univoltine, pupation in the soil.

host plants

Salicaceae, narrowly monophagous

Populus tremula.

rarely also alba.


Harmandia pustulans.


Barnes (1951a), Béguinot (2002g,h, 2007b), Buhr (1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné (2010a), Kieffer (1909a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Simova-Tošić & Skuhravá (2001a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1997a, 2007a, 2010a, 2021a: 197), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Skuhravý, Skuhravá & Brewer (1997a), Tomasi (2014a).

Last modified 14.iv.2023