Harmandiola pustulans (Kieffer, 1909)

on Populus

gall

Globular, unilocular, thin-walled gall, c. 3 mm across, usually several, at the upperside of the leaf and adjacent to a thick vein. At the opposite side of the leaf the gall protrudes with a distinct nozzle, terminating in an opening. Larva solitary, yellow when young, red when mature. Univoltine, pupation in the soil.

hostplants

Salicaceae, narrowly monophagous

Populus tremula.

rarely also alba.

synonyms

Harmandia pustulans.

references

Barnes (1951a), Béguinot (2002g,h, 2007b), Buhr (1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné (2010a), Kieffer (1909a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Simova-Tošić & Skuhravá (2001a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1997a, 2007a, 2010a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Skuhravý, Skuhravá & Brewer (1997a), Tomasi (2014a).

mod 30.iv.2018