Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Massalongia rubra

Massalongia rubra (Kieffer, 1890)

on Betula

Massalongia rubra: gall on Betula pendula

Betula pendula, Belgium, prov. Namur, Nismes, Tienne Breumont, 26.ix.2015 Stéphane Claerebout

Massalongia rubra: larva

larva

Massalongia rubra gall

Betula pubescens, Eersel, Cartierheide, 10.vi.2006

Betula pubescens, Nunspeet, huize De Vennen, 9.vi.2007; young gall

Betula pubescens, Hollandsche Rading, Einde Gooi, 6.viii.2006; old gall

gall

Fusiform galls, alls generally on the midrib. The larvae are white at first, red when mature. Univoltine; pupation and hibernation generally in the soil.

larva

Massalongia rubra: spatula

spatula with papillae (from Möhn, 1955a)

hostplants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula pendula, pubescens.

notes

The galls shown below, several small ones in one leaf and developed on the lateral veins, might belong to Massalongia rubra, but this is not at all certain.
cf Massalongia rubra galls on Betula papyrifera

Betula papyrifera, Belgium, Bruxelles, Jardin Jean Massart, 13.viii.2021 © Stéphane Claerebout

cf Massalongia rubra galls on Betula papyrifera

underside

references

Barnes (1951a), Béguinot (2002g, 2006a,b, 2007b), Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1964b), Chinery (2011a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné (2010a), Houard (1908a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b), Möhn (1955a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Schneider (2016a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1999a, 2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Skrzypczyńska (2007a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a, 1999a, 2005b,c, 2010a, 2012a,2021a: 51), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Buhr (2013a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Tomasi (2014a), Wahlgren (1963b).

Last modified 13.ix.2021