Anisostephus betulinus (Kieffer, 1889)

on Betula

Anisostephus betulinus: galls on Betula pendula

Betula pendula, Heerde, lg de Dellen, 20.vi.2018 © Hans Jonkman

Anisostephus betulinus: galls on Betula pendula

same leaf, underside

Anisostephus betulinus: galls on Betula pubescens

Betula pubesens, Voorschoten, lg de Horsten

Anisostephus betulinus: galls on Betula pubescens

same leaf, underside

gall

Larva solitary, whitish, with a conspicuous sternal spatula; one generation per year; hibernation in the soil.

hostplants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula litwinowii, pendula, pubescens.

notes

if the galls occur on Betula nana, then check also for Massalongia bachmaieri.

larva

Anisostephus betulinus: spatula

spatula with papillae (from Möhn, 1955a)

synonyms

Contarinia betulina.

references

Barnes (1951a), Béguinot (2002g, 2006a,b, 2007b), Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1964b), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Houard (1908a), Kollár (2011a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Möhn (1955a), O’Connor & Wistow (1999a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá Skuhravý (2007a), Skrzypczyńska (2007a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2005b, 2006a, 2007a, 2010a,b, 2012a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Buhr (2013a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Carbonnelle (2017a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Tomasi (2014a).

mod 30.vi.2018