Contarinia baeri (Prell, 1931)
european pineneedle midge
At the base of a pair of needles lives a lemon yellow larva. The tissue damage caused by the larva makes the needles fold down. Otherwise there is no real gall formed, and the needles are only lightly shortened. Univoltine; the larvae hibernate in the soil.
Pinus nigra, sylvestris.
Contrary to Thecodiplosis brachyntera, with a somewhat similar biology, the larva of baeri has a spatula. Moreover, the larva of baeri is associated with long, completely developed needles (Barnes).
Cecidomyia baeri Prell, 1931.
Barnes (1951a), Buhr (1965a), Mirumian (2011a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2000a, 2010a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1997a, 1999b, 2005b,c, 2021a: 189), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Skuhravý (1971a, 2009a), Tomasi (2003a, 2012a).