Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Contarinia medicaginis

Contarinia medicaginis Kieffer, 1895

on Medicago

Contarinia medicaginis: galled inflorescence of Medicago sativa

Medicago sativa, Hungary, Darnózseli, 1.vii.2015 © László Érsek

Contarinia medicaginis: galled flowers of Medicago sativa

two galled flowers

Contarinia medicaginis: galls on Medicago sativa

Medicago sativa, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 17.viii.2019 © László Érsek

Contarinia medicaginis: larvae

larvae in opened gall

Contarinia medicaginis: larva

larva, ventral view

Contarinia medicaginis galls

Medicago sativa, Belgium, prov. Namur, Pondrome, 15.viii.2006 © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Contarinia medicaginis: galls on Medicago sativa

Medicago sativa, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Mol, 22.viii.2015 © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Contarinia medicaginis: larvae



Larvae gregarious, white when young, yellow later, two or more generations per year. Pupation in the soil.

host plants

Fabaceae, monophagous

Medicago arabica, falcata, sativa & subsp. varia.


Contarinia medicaginis: spatula

spatula with papillae (from Möhn, 1955a)

parasitoids, predators

Omphale chryseis; Systasis encyrtoides.


In the more southern and eastern parts of Europe a serious pest on lucerne.


Béguinot (2002d), Bellmann (2012a), Bruun (2015a), Buhr (1964b), Burton, Ellis & Schneider (2022a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Docters van Leeuwen (1936a), Flügel (2016a), Hansson & Shevtsova (2012a), Houard (1909a), Ilie & Marinescu (2011a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Mirumian (2011a), Möhn (1955a), Nijveldt (1954a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a,b, 1997a,b, 1999a,b, 2005b,c, 2007a, 2009a,b, 2010a, 2021a: 163), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Buhr (2013a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Stănescu (2009a).

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