Contarinia nasturtii (Kieffer, 1888)

swede midge

on Brassicaceae

Contarinia nasturtii: flower gall on Raphanus sp.

Raphanus spec., Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Balen, Scheps © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Contarinia nasturtii: larvae

larvae; the lower one is about the jump; they may well reach 7-8 cm

Contarinia nasturtii (cf): gall on Biscutella coronopifolia

Biscutella coronopifolia, France, dép. Vaucluse, Parc naturel régional du Luberon, Gordes, 3.vi.2017 © Laurent Michel

Contarinia nasturtii (cf): gall on Biscutella coronopifolia

detail. NB: larvae not seen, identification therefore conditional (cf Buhr 1964b # 1126).

Contarinia nasturtii galls

Brassica sp., Spain, Frigiliana © Arnold Grosscurt

Contarinia nasturtii gall

Brassica napus, Maarsseveen © Arnold Grosscurt

gall

This species makes both flower galls as causes a swelling and shortening of the shoot (lower picture). The larvae are gregarious, lemon yellow when fully developed, and have several generations per year; they can jump. Pupation in the ground in a silken cocoon.

host plants

Brassicaceae, broadly oligophagous

Arabidopsis arenosa, cebennensis; Armoracia rusticana; Barbarea vulgaris; Biscutella coronopifolia; Brassica napus, oleracea, rapa, souliei subsp. amplexicaulis; Bunias erucago, orientalis; Cakile maritima; Camelina microcarpa; Cardaria draba; Coincya; Descurainia sophia; Diplotaxis erucoides, muralis, tenuifolia; Eruca vesicaria; Erysimum cheiranthoides, comatum, diffusum, hieracifolium; Hirschfeldia incana; Isatis tinctoria; Lepidium ruderale, sativum, virginicum; Myagrum perfoliatum; Nasturtium microphyllum, officinale; Raphanus caudatus, raphanistrum, sativus & subsp. niger; Rapistrum rugosum; Rorippa palustris, pyrenaica, sylvestris; Sinapis alba, arvensis; Sisymbrium altissimum, irio, loeselii, officinale; Syrenia cana; Thlaspi arvense.

larva

Contarinia nasturtii: spatula

spatula with papillae (from Möhn, 1955a)

synonyms

Contarinia gallaica Tavares, 1916; C. geisenheyneri Rübsaamen, 1917;
C. isatidis Rübsaamen, 1910; C. pontevedrensis Tavares, 1916; C. tudensis Tavares, 1916; Contarinia, Diplosis, ruderalis (Kieffer, 1890)

notes

Minor pest.

inquilines

Dasineura kleini.

references

Barnes (1946a), Buhr (1964b, 1965a), Cogolludo (1921a), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné & Jaschhof (2014a), Houard (1908a), Kieffer (1891a), Möhn (1955a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Rüubsaamen (1910e, 1917a), Skuhravá (1989a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skrzypczyńska (2007a), Skuhravá, Bayram, Çam ao (2005a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a, 1997a, 1999a, 2004b, 2008a, 2009b, 2010a, 2011a, 2012a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Buhr (2013a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Ebejer (2002a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a, 2002a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Massa (2007a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Stănescu (2009a), Tomasi (2014a).

mod 17.xii.2018