Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Contarinia tritici

Contarinia tritici (Kirby, 1798)

lemon wheat-blossom midge, wheat fly

on Triticum

gall

The golden larvae live gregariously in the spikelets, that do not show signs of damage, yet the seeds remain undeveloped. The larvae can jump. Univoltine, rarely bivoltine.

host plants

Poaceae, monophagous

Triticum aestivum.

parasitoids, predators

Macroglenes chalybeus, penetrans, varicornis.

notes

Important cereal pest.

references

Askew, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2001a) , Buhr (1965a), Gagné (2010a), Gerson & Harpaz (1968a), Mirumian (2011a), Nijveldt (1954a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Skuhravá, Karimpour, Sadeghi ao (2014a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a, 1997a, 1999a, 2009b, 2012a, 2021a: 287), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Buhr (2013a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Massa (2007a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Wetzel, Skuhravý, Camprag, ao (1984a).

Last modified 23.vi.2022