Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cystiphora leontodontis

Cystiphora leontodontis (Bremi, 1847)

Cystiphora leontodontis: galls on Leontodon hispidus

Leontodon hispidus, Kunderberg © Melchior van Tweel

Cystiphora leontodontis: galls on Leontodon hispidus

same leaf, underside


Circular, lower-surface blotch, about 5 mm in diameter, usually a number together on a leaf. Upper surface wart-like, strongly reddish discoloured, opaque. At the lower surface the mine is closed only by the epidermis. The larva is easily visible, as is its food: drops of fluid resulting from external digestion. Pupation in the soil.

host plants

Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous

Leontodon asperrimus, crispus, hispidus & subsp. hastilis; Scorzoneroides autumnalis.


Larvae from June on (Hering, 1957a), two, or more generations per year (Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen, 2006a).


The gall has been found by Melchior van Tweel in the extreme south of the Netherlands in 2005; pictures have been placed by him on the portal The species is not known from Belgium or Luxembourg.

distribution within Europe

From Poland to the Pyrenees, and from the UK to Italy (Fauna Europaea, 2007).


Reddish-yellow (Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen, 2006a).


Cystiphora leontodontis Kieffer, 1909.


The biology of Cystiphora species forms a transition between the mining and galling ways of life.


Buhr (1964a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Hering (1957a), Kieffer (1909a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Maček (2002a), Meyer & Jaschhof (1999a), Nieto Nafría, Mier Durante, García Prieto & Pérez Hidalgo (2005a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a,b, 1997a, 2021a: 154), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Tomasi (2014a).

Last modified 2.iv.2023