Cystiphora sanguinea (Bremi, 1847)

on Hieracium, Pilosella

Cystiphora sanguinea on Hieracium sp.

Hieracium sp., Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Meerhout © Carina Vansteenwinke

Cystiphora sanguinea on Hieracium sp.

another leaf

Cystiphora sanguinea: galls on Hieracium vulgatum

Hieracium vulgatum, Luxemburg: Kautenbach

Cystiphora sanguinea: galls on Hieracium spec.

Hieracium spec., France, dép. Nord, Zuydcoote © Sébastien Carbonnelle: underside of the leaf showing the larvae

mine

Circular, lower-surface blotch, about 5 mm in diameter, often quite a number together on a leaf. Upper surface wart-like, strongly reddish discoloured, opaque. At the lower surface the mine is closed only by the epidermis. The white larva is easily visible, as is its food: drops of of liquid resulting from external digestion. Pupation in the soil.

hostplants

Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous

Hieracium lachenalii & subsp. acuminatum + cruentifolium, laevigatum, murorum, prenanthoides, racenosum subsp. virgaurea, sabaudum & subsp. boreale, schmidtii, scorzonerifolium subsp. flexuosum, umbellatum; Pilosella aurantiaca, lactucella, officinarum, piloselloides subsp. praealta.

phenology

Larvae from June-October (Hering, 1957a); two or more generations per year (Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen, 2006a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Gosseries, 1991c).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1939a).

LUX recorded (Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz 2001b).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, and from the UK to Roumania (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

larva

Yellowish to orange-red.

Cystiphora hieracii: spatula

spatula with papillae (from Möhn, 1955a)

synonyms

Cecidomyia, Cystophora, hieracii Löw, 1874; C. pilosellae (Kieffer, 1892).

notes

The biology of Cystiphora species forms a transition between the mining and galling ways of life.

references

Béguinot (2003a, 2012a), Beiger (1958a, 1960a, 1965a), Bruun (2015a), Buhr (1964b), Cogolludo (1921a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Deckert & Deckert (2016a), Docters van Leeuwen (1936a), Gagné (2010a), Gosseries (1991c), Hering (1957a), Houard (1909a), Huber (1969a), Kieffer (1888a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b, 2012a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Maček (2002a), de Meijere (1939a), Meyer & Jaschhof (1999a), Möhn (1955a), Nijveldt & Beuk (2002a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Simova-Tošić (2008a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2004a 2007a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1988a, 1992b, 1994a, 1997a,b, 1999a,b, 2005b,c, 2010a,b, 2003a, 2012a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Tomasi (2014a).

mod 17.ix.2018