Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cystiphora scorzonerae

Cystiphora scorzonerae Kieffer, 1909


Circular, lower-surface blotch, about 5 mm in diameter, usually a number together on a leaf. Upper surface wart-like, strongly reddish discoloured, opaque. At the lower surface the mine is closed only by the epidermis. The white larva is easily visible, as is its food: drops of liquid resulting from external digestion. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Scorzonera austriaca, humilis.


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Latvia, Germany, France, Hungary (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


The biology of Cystiphora species forms a transition between the mining and galling ways of life.


Buhr (1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné (2010a), Hering (1957a), Kieffer (1909a), Máca (2012a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 260), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a).

Last modified 6.x.2021