Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cystiphora taraxaci

Cystiphora taraxaci (Kieffer, 1888)

on Taraxacum

Cystiphora taraxaci: galls on Taraxacum officinale

Taraxacum officinale, België, Montaubban

Cystiphora taraxaci: galls on Taraxacum officinale

Taraxacum officinale, Denmark © Simon Haarder

Cystiphora taraxaci: larva in its mine

larva in its mine


Circular, lower-surface blotch, about 5 mm in diameter, often quite a number together on a leaf. Upper surface wart-like, strongly reddish discoloured, opaque. At the lower surface the mine is closed only by the epidermis. The larva is easily visible, as is its food: drops of liquid that result from external digestion. Pupation outside the mine.


Asteraceae, monofaag

Taraxacum campylodes, officinale.

Mirumian (2011a) mentions this species from Lactuca orientalis; given the very narrow host plant preference in the genus Cystiphora, further confirmations seems mandatory.


Larvae from July on (Hering, 1957a); two or more generations (Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen, 2006a).


BE recorded (Gosseries, 1991c).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1939a).

LUX recorded (Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz, 2001b).

distribution within Europe

From the Netherlands, Germany and Poland to the Pyrenees, Italy and Roumania; also Latvia and Ireland, not in the UK (Fauna Europaea, 2007a); also Bulgaria (Buhr, 1941b) and Slovenia (Maček (1999a).



Cecidomyia taraxaci.


The biology of Cystiphora species forms a transition between the mining and galling ways of life.


Béguinot (2002a,e,g,h, 2005a, 2006a,b, 2007b, 2012a), Beiger (1960a), Bellmann (2012a), Bruun (2015a), Buhr (1941b, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gosseries (1991c), Hering (1957a), Houard (1909a), Huber (1969a), Kieffer (1888a, 1891a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Maček (2002a), de Meijere (1939a), Michalska (1970a), Mirumian (2011a), Möhn (1955a), Nijveldt & Beuk (2002a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam Carbonnelle (2015a), Simova-Tošić & Skuhravá (2001a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skrzypczyńska (2007a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a,b, 1997a, 1999a,b, 2003a, 2005b,c, 2006a, 2007a, 2009a, 2010a,b, 2021a: 276), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a, 2002a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Tomasi (2014a), Ureche (2010a), Zoerner (1969a)

Last modified 8.x.2021