Jaapiella schmidti (Rübsaamen, 1912)

on Plantago

Jaapiella schmidti: gall on Plantago lanceolata

Plantago lanceolata, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Balen, Scheps © Carina Van Steenwinkel: larva in the flower

Jaapiella schmidti: larva on Plantago lanceolata

upon disurbance the larva easily leave their flower …

Jaapiella schmidti: larva on Plantago lanceolata

… and drop off (observation Carina)

Jaapiella schmidti on Plantago lanceolata

Plantago lanceolata, Denmark © Simon Haarder

gall

The fruits are somewhat shorter, more globular, and especially more acutely pointed than normally. The orange red larva sits in the flower, between the perianth and the fruit, feeding on the fruit. Often the inflorescence is shortened. There are two or three annual generations. Pupation probably always in the gall.

hostplants

Plantaginaceae, monofaag

Plantago laceolata, major, maritima, media.

larva

The spatula is quite squat. Sometimes the lobes are broad, sometimes obliquely cut off at the inside (Rübsaamen, 1912e).

synonyms

Dasineura schmidti.

references

Bruun (2015a), Buhr (1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné (2010a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Rübsaamen (1912e), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a), Skuhravá (2006a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1988a, 1997a, 1999a,b, 2005c, 2006a, 2008a, 2010a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Sylvén (1983a).

mod 6.v.2018