Jaapiella schmidti (Rübsaamen, 1912)
Plantago lanceolata, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Balen, Scheps © Carina Van Steenwinkel: larva in the flower
upon disurbance the larva easily leave their flower …
… and drop off (observation Carina)
Plantago lanceolata, Denmark © Simon Haarder
The fruits are somewhat shorter, more globular, and especially more acutely pointed than normally. The orange red larva sits in the flower, between the perianth and the fruit, feeding on the fruit. Often the inflorescence is shortened. There are two or three annual generations. Pupation probably always in the gall.
Plantago laceolata, major, maritima, media.
The spatula is quite squat. Sometimes the lobes are broad, sometimes obliquely cut off at the inside (Rübsaamen, 1912e).
Bruun (2015a), Buhr (1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné (2010a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Rübsaamen (1912e), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a), Skuhravá (2006a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1988a, 1997a, 1999a,b, 2005c, 2006a, 2008a, 2010a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Sylvén (1983a).