Physemocecis hartigi (Liebel, 1892)

on Tilia

Physemocecis hartigi: mines on Tilia cordata

Tilia cordata, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár 17.v.2019 © László Érsek

Physemocecis hartigi: mines on Tilia cordata

mines, underside

Physemocecis hartigi: mine on Tilia cordata

detail

Physemocecis hartigi: larva

opened mine

Physemocecis hartigi: larva

larva

Physemocecis hartigi: gall on Tilia platyphyllos

Tilia platyphyllos, Belgium, prov. Namur, Chimay, Virelles, Étang de Virelelles © Stéphane Claerebout

Physemocecis hartigi: gall on Tilia platyphyllos

gall, upperside

Physemocecis hartigi: gall on Tilia platyphyllos

underside of the same (vacated) gall

Physemocecis hartigi: galls on Tilia cordata

Tilia cordata, Denmark © Simon Haarder

Physemocecis hartigi: larva in opened gall

larva in opened gall

gall

Small, flat, lenticular galls, generally several on a leaf, each with one white larva that leaves the gall by an opening at the underside. Uni- or bivoltine; pupation in the ground.

hostplants

Malvaceae, monophagous

Tilia cordata, x europaea, platyphyllos & subsp. cordifolia, tomentosa.

synonyms

Oligotrophus hartigi.

notes

see Rohfritsch (2011a) about the ontogeny of this gall out of the interaction between the larva and the plant.

references

Barnes (1951a), Béguinot (2002e, 2003a, 2007a), Buhr (1965a), Cilbircioğlu & Ünal (2009a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné (2010a), Hellrigl (2010a), Houard (1909a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rohfritsch (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Schneider (2016a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skrzypczyńska (2002a, 2007a), Skuhravá (2006a), Skuhravá, Bayram, Çam ao (2005a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a,b, 1997a,b, 1999a,b, 2005b,c, 2006a, 2007a, 2010a, 2012a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a) Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Sylvén (1960a), Tomasi (2014a), Unal & Akkuzu (2009a).

mod 21.xi.2019