Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rabdophaga clavifex

Rabdophaga clavifex (Kieffer, 1891)

on Salix

Rabdophaga clavifex: gall on Salix integra

Salix x multinervis, Belgium, prov, Hainaut, Froidchapelle © Sébastien Carbonnelle

Rabdophaga clavifex: gall on Salix cinerea

Salix cinerea, Mierlo, Wolfsven © Arnold Grosscurt


Not only the cluster of 4-12 densely hairy buds is characteristic, but also the distal swelling of the shoot. The full grown larva is orange coloured. They are solitary, one reddish larva per bud. Univoltine, hibernation and pupation within the gall, in a cocoon.

host plants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Salix aurita, caprea, cinerea, cinerea subsp.oleifolia, eleagnos, eleagnos x purpurea, integra, myrsinifolia.

larva and pupa

the mature larva is described by Kieffer and Nijveldt & Yukawa. The spatula is almost without a stalk, crescent-shaped and weakly sclerotised. The pupa is without a tooth next to the prothoracic horn.

Rabdophaga clavifex: spatula

spatula (from Kieffer)


Cecidomyia, Rhabdophaga, clavifex.


Barnes (1951a), Buhr (1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a) Gagné (2010a), Gagné & Jaschhof (2014a), Houard (1908a), Kieffer (1891a, 1892a), Máca (2012a), Nijveldt & Yukawa (1982a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Simova-Tošić & Skuhravá (2001a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2004a, 2007a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1992b, 1994a, 1999a,b, 2005c, 2010a, 2012a, 2021a: 238), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Carbonnelle (2017a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2003a, 2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a) Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Stelter (1989a), Tomasi (2014a).

Last modified 4.x.2021