Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rabdophaga terminalis

Rabdophaga terminalis (Löw, 1850)

on Salix

Rabdophaga terminalis: gall on Salix alba

Salix alba, Belgium, prov. West Flanders, Kortrijk, Kleiputten ‘t Hoge Kortrijk © Stéphane Claerebout

Rabdophaga terminalis: larvae

opened gall with larvae

Rabdophaga terminalis gall

Salix alba, Dronten © Arnold Grosscurt

opened gall; the larvae are orange in colour

Rabdophaga terminalis: gall on Salix x fragilis

Salix x fragilis, Belgium, prov. Namur, Jambes © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Rabdophaga terminalis or inquiline: larvae

the larvae are white; they may be still young, but more probably they belong to an inquiline species


Dasineura terminalis.


Larvae orange to reddish, gregarious, in two or more generations per year. Part of the larvae pupate within the mine, another part in the soil.

host plants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Salix alba, babylonica, caesia, excelsa, x fragilis, hastata, pentandra, purpurea, repens, triandra, viminalis.


Cecidomyia, Dasineura, Perrisia, terminalis; Rabdophaga saligna (Hardy, 1950).

Gagné & Jaschhof list R. iteophila (Loew, 1850) as a valid species, according to Barnes its larvae would live in the terminal buds of Salix alba. This is contradicted by Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer who, based on the work by Stelter, consider iteophila a synonym of terminalis.


Macrolabis saliceti, Rabdophaga strobilina.


Barnes (1951a), Béguinot (2002h, 2012a), Bellmann (2012a), Blanes-Dalmau, Caballero-López & Pujade-Villar (2017a), Buhr (1965a), Cilbircioğlu & Ünal (2009a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné (2010a), Gagné & Jaschhof (2014a), Hellrigl (2006a), Houard (1908a), Ilie & Marinescu (2011a), Kieffer (1891a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b, 2012a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Mirumian (2011a), Pârvu (2005a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Simova-Tošić & Skuhravá (2001a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skrzypczyńska (2007a), Skuhravá (2006a), Skuhravá, Bayram, Çam ao (2005a), Skuhravá, Karimpour, Sadeghi ao (2014a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a, 1997a,b, 1999a,b, 2002a, 2005c, 2006a, 2007a, 2009a, 2010a,b, 2012a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Buhr (2013a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Ebejer (2002a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Sylvén & Lövgren (1995a), Tomasi (2014a), Unal & Akkuzu (2009a).

Last modified 15.vii.2019