Spurgia euphorbiae (Vallot, 1827)

on Euphorbia

Spurgia euphorbiae gall

Euphorbia cyparissias, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Resteigne, Les Pairées © Jean-Yves Baugnée

host plants

Euphorbiaceae, monophagous

Euphorbia amygdaloides, characias, cyparissias, dulcis, esula & subsp. tommasiniana, falcata, helioscopia, iberica, illyrica, myrsinites, nicaeensis, salicifolia, seguieriana. serrata, verrucosa.

gall

Larvae in enlarged terminal buds. The galls may be relatively loose and slender, green en with cleary widened scales. Somewhat later in the year the galls are more compact and globular, pink, and with less strongly widened scales. Larvae yellow, gregarious, active. Multivoltine. Pupation in a cocoon in the gall or in the soil. Hibernation in the soil. Only the adult midges can be distinguished from those of S. esulae.

synonyms

Bayeria, Perrisia, capitigena Bremi, 1847; Cecidomyia euphorbiae Löw, 1850; Dasineura, Perrisia, subpatula Bremi, 1847 [cf Gagné, 2004a].

inquilines

Macrolabis lutea.

references

Béguinot (2002a,d,e,f,h, 2003a,b, 2005a, 2012a), Bellido, Ros-Farré & Pujade-Villar (2003a), Bellmann (2012a), Blanes-Dalmau, Caballero-López & Pujade-Villar (2017a), Buhr (1964b), Deckert & Deckert (2016a), Docters van Leeuwen (1936a), Gagné (1990a, 2004a, 2010a), Hellrigl (2006a), Houard (1909a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b), Löw (1888a), Mirumian (2011a), Nelson & Carlson (1999a), Pârvu (2005a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Rübsaamen (1917a), Simova-Tošić & Skuhravá (2001a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skrzypczyńska (2007a), Skuhravá (2006a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1988a, 1994a,b, 1997a,b, 1999a,b, 2005b,c, 2006a, 2010a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Sobhian, Littlefield, Cristofaro & Mann (2000a), Stănescu (2009a), Tomasi (2003a, 2014a).

mod 3.ii.2019