Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Epicalamus phalaridis

Epicalamus phalaridis Sylvén, 1997

Diptera, Cecidomyiidae

on Phalaroides

Epicalamus phalaridis: spatula of 3 larvae

spatulae of 3 larvae; from Sylvén ao (1997a)


up to 4 mm large, orange larvae in sometimes very large groups within the leaf sheath, mainly just above the nodes. Locally the stem becomes darkened and soft, causing lodging of the culm. Univoltine, pupation in a cocoon in the soil.


Poaceae, monphagous

Phalaroides arundinacea.


Sylvén, Hellqvist, Sellerholm & Tastás-Duque (1997a).


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