Epicalamus phalaridis Sylvén, 1997

Diptera, Cecidomyiidae

on Phalaroides

Epicalamus phalaridis: spatula of 3 larvae

spatulae of 3 larvae; from Sylvén ao (1997a)

gall

up to 4 mm large, orange larvae in sometimes very large groups within the leaf sheath, mainly just above the nodes. Locally the stem becomes darkened and soft, causing lodging of the culm. Univoltine, pupation in a cocoon in the soil.

hostplants

Poaceae, monphagous

Phalaroides arundinacea.

references

Sylvén, Hellqvist, Sellerholm & Tastás-Duque (1997a).

13/05/2017

mod 28.vi.2017